Beeswax is a construction material, which is used by honey plant to build honeycombs. Beeswax is produced by special glands, which are located on the belly of the bees. Wise insects use it to build honeycombs and strengthen their "houses." The color of the wax may vary depending on the season: in the spring it has a whitish color, by the end of the summer it is dark, since many dozens generations leave traces of vital activities there.
The most light and useful wax is obtained from comb capping or new built honeycombs. Beeswax is obtained by the method of re-heating the wax-containing raw materials: honeycombs, cuttings, directly from apiary. And the wax is re-heated and filtered several times in order to remove all the dirt to the state of pure yellow color. Wax stiffens in the form and after extraction becomes ready for use by the product. Scientists have found in the product more than 300 useful substances, some of them belong to biologically active substances, similar in its effect on vitamin A.
Wax has quite complex composition, it includes more than 50 different components and compounds. The highest percentage is:
- esters – 75%;
- saturates – 10-15%;
- free fatty acids – 10-15%;
- water – 2%;
- vitamins, minerals, carotinoids – 1-2%;
- impurities of larvae and pollen, propolis – 1-2%.
The percentage ratio varies depending on the season and species of bees. The major part is made up of esters and these substances enable it to remain for a long time without changing the structure.
Application and use of beeswax
Almost all the product is returned back to beekeeping in the form of empty honeycomb (about 70 percent). On such empty honeycomb bees build their honeycombs. Also, church candles are made from it. In medicine, it is added to a huge number of ointments. It is also widely used in metallurgy, cosmetology, leather, aviation, paint and varnish industry, printing and electronics.
The main criteria for wax application in cosmetology in cosmetics are its softening, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. In addition, it does not react with other components, what makes it an ideal substance with preservative properties for the manufacture of ointments and creams. It helps to form a protective layer on the skin, which protects it from excessive dryness, gives it tone, makes it supple and smooth, but does not penetrate deep into the cells, which means it does not clog pores.
Wax for medicinal purposes has been used since ancient times. Even then people knew about the anti-inflammatory, wound-healing and softening properties of wax.
The presence of carotene and vitamin A in beeswax makes its consumption useful in nutrition and restoration of tissues, mainly skin, therefore it is included in creams, ointments and patches. Ointments with the use of wax are effectively used to treat burns, wounds, cuts, due to its antiseptic properties as well as inflammatory processes of the oral mucosa in combination with other medications.
Beeswax is highly effective as an anti-inflammatory agent in the treatment of rheumatic and muscle pain. Chewing wax with honey (comb capping) prescribed for sinusitis, angina. The therapeutic effect is caused by the fact that wax detects A-vitamin activity, contains essential oils, suppresses the growth of some microorganisms, especially on.
Application in folk medicine
- Beeswax at arthronosos. Melt the wax in a water bath, put on a cotton thick fabric. Within 10-15 minutes let the wax "rest" and apply for 15 minutes to the affected joints, wrapped up with a woolen scarf. After this procedure the joint should be wrapped and not supercooled. The procedure should be carried out daily for 10-14 days.
- Beeswax against callus and clavus. Mix 100 grams melted on a water bath wax with the same amount of propolis and pour juice of one lemon. Make thin pellets-plasters and apply to the sore spots, fixing with medical plaster. Don't take off a few days. It is recommended to steam out the legs with soda.
- Lip Balm from beeswax. Due to the ability of wax to create a thin film on the lips, the balm on its basis perfectly heals wounds. Take one teaspoon of wax and almond oil, twice as much cocoa butter and mix. Wax must first be melt in a water bath. The resulting hot mixture is poured into a small container or a lipstick case, cooled and used as usual.
- Beeswax in a nutritious cream. For preparing take half the glass of olive (peach, almond) and coconut oil, and melted on a water bath wax (about 50 grams). Mix and cool. To enhance the effect, we add vitamins (E or A) and 10 drops of any essential oil that will act as a preservative. All carefully mix. Keep the cream in the refrigerator.
- Beeswax for children's creativity. Soak the beeswax in hot water (50-60 degrees) for 20-30 minutes. The finished material will become plastic, soft and supple with a light honey aroma. The child can fantasize, inventing a variety of figures. After 10-15 minutes of active use, the wax will again become hard. If your baby swallows a bit of honey plasticine, there will be no harm.
- Chewing wax. It is used to eliminate inflammation in the mouth. Daily wax chewing brings huge benefit, besides it is pleasant to taste. Such procedures can cure stomatitis, tonsillitis and gingivitis, the plaque is removed from the teeth, the gums become firm and cease to bleed.